Writing Guide

  • Writing Guide

    1.    Article Title

    Title should briefly and clearly summarize the main point of the article. Chinese title should not exceed 20 Chinese characters. Subheadings are not allowed. Chinese and English titles should be consistent. Except for proper nouns, only the first letter of the first word is capitalized, all others are lowercase.

    2.    Funding Project

    If the article has any funding project, please indicate it in the footer of the first page. For example, Funding Project: National Natural Science Foundation of China (39470325).

    3.    Authors & Institutions

    Authors should be those who contribute to the article and can take responsibility for the content. Each article should have no more than 7 authors. If authors are from different institutions, please mark the order numbers of the institutions on the upper right corner of the authors’ names. Please mark the corresponding author with “*”. The surname in English should be capitalized. As for the first name in English, the first letter of the first word should be capitalized, and the following parts should be lowercase . For example, WANG Xiaohong.

    Author's institutions in Chinese: the standard full names, province, city and postal code should be indicated. If there are different institutions, the numbers marked in the upper right corner of the authors’ names should correspond to the marked institutions. For example: 华中科技大学 同济医学院 1. 免疫学系;2.病理生理学系,湖北 武汉430022.

    Author's institutions in English: separated by ",", and provinces should be omitted. The first letter of each notional word should be capitalized. For example: 1. Department of Immunology2. Department of Pathophysiology, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China.

    4.    Abstract & Keywords

    Abstract should be written in the third person perspective. A structured format should be adopted, stating the research objectives, methods, results and conclusion. Abstract should be independent and self-explanatory, preferably 300-400 characters. When English abbreviations first appear in the abstract, the full Chinese names should be stated.

    Each article should have no more than 5 keywords. The CLC number (check against the 4th edition of Chinese Library Classification Law) should be annotated under the keywords. Keywords in Chinese and English should be consistent.

    5.    Introduction

    Recent references should be cited. Research status and main issues in the fields at home and abroad should be summarized. The basis, purpose and significance of the study should be clearly put forward, generally within 400 characters.

    6.    Methods

    New methods or special procedures should be written clearly. Common methods or methods cited from other literatures do not need to be detailed, just write "See References [Reference No.]".

    7.    Results

    Only experimental results shall be listed. Methods should not be repeated in this part. Results should not be analyzed or commented. Figures and tables must have Chinese and English titles, and the titles should be self-explanatory. Generally, contents and notes in figures and tables should only be in English, but those of short reviews and medical education articles should only be in Chinese. Three-line tables should be used. Measurement data need to be expressed as mean ± standard deviation (x ± s), indicating the number of cases (n). Pictures under microscope should be clear and legible, with the magnification times indicated.

    8.    Discussion

    Discussion should be closely related to experimental results, without repeating specific methods and results, generally within 800 characters.

    9.    Reference

    References should be officially published papers or books, listed in the order of citation in the text. Authors should cite the latest published literature as references, preferably those published in the past 10 years, and try not to refer to outdated literatures unless they are truly necessary.

    For detailed writing rules of references, please refer to the journal’s Chinese website and articles published recently.

    10.  Short Article

    The length should be within 1500 characters, including titles in English and Chinese, introduction, methods, results and discussion. Chinese and English abstracts should be omitted. The article could include 1 ~ 2 charts and 3 ~ 4 references.

    11.  Scientific Terminology

    The terminology published by the National Natural Science Terminology Review Committee should be adopted. The names of medicines shall be subject to the latest version of Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China and General Names of Chinese Medicines (both issued by Chinese Pharmacopoeia Committee). The international non-proprietary drug names should be adopted for the English name of drugs, instead of the trade names. When acronyms appear for the first time, their Chinese full names shall be indicated, followed by English (or Latin) full names and abbreviations in parentheses. For example: 转化生长因子(transforming growth factor, TGF).

    12.  Italics Requirement

    Coordinate system symbols, such as horizontal coordinates (X), Latin names, statistical symbols (n, t-test, probability P, etc.) should be in italics. Abbreviations of genes are required to be capitalized in italics, and the abbreviations of proteins should be capitalized. For example, "SHH " means gene, "SHH" means protein.

    13.  Unit of Measurement

    Units should be expressed according to legal units of measurement of China, such as: meters (m), liters (L), grams (g), days (d), hours (h), minutes (min), seconds (s). In combination units, there cannot be more than one slash, e.g., the unit of dosage mg/kg/d should be expressed as mg/(kg·d), the unit of cardiac index L/min/m2 should be L/(min·m2 ). Numerical range should be marked with "~". There should be a space between the number and the unit, such as: 10 ~ 20 mg; 1 ~ 8 h; 55% ~ 64% (instead of 55%-64%); (3 ~ 6) × 104 or 3 × 104 ~ 6 × 104 (instead of 3-6 × 104).

    14.  Requirements for Short Review

    1) Short reviews should focus on the recent areas of general concern or research hotspots.

    2) More than 70% of the references should be foreign literatures published in the last 3 years.

    3) Review should be thorough and in-depth, instead of just listing of literature.

    4) In short reviews, authors should put forward their own views on the issues and solutions, combining with their own research work.

    5) Research backgrounds of the first author and the corresponding author should be attached at the end of the manuscript, including the work of the authors and their research groups.

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