Basic & Clinical Medicine ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (11): 1586-1589.
Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) and Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) are major alternatives for the performance of nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) in renal cell carcinoma minimally invasive treatments. With the development of instrument and technology as well as accumulation of experience, numerous clinical trials have shown favorable outcomes for RAPN.
renal cell carcinoma
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