基础医学与临床 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 459-462.

• 医学教育 • 上一篇    下一篇

探索式教学模式在研究生生物医学大型仪器课程的应用和评价

孙海丹1,郭正光1,周 军1,骈红茹1,杨明珠1,王欣2,郑直1   

  1. 1. 中国医学科学院基础医学研究所
    2. 中国医学科学院 基础医学研究所 北京协和医学院 基础学院
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-07 修回日期:2020-12-25 出版日期:2021-03-05 发布日期:2021-03-01
  • 通讯作者: 王欣 E-mail:sw1610@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    北京协和医学院教学改革小规模特色办学经费

Application and evaluation of inquiry teaching mode for graduated students in large-scale biomedical equipments courses

  • Received:2020-09-07 Revised:2020-12-25 Online:2021-03-05 Published:2021-03-01
  • Contact: xin WANG E-mail:sw1610@sina.com

摘要: 目的 尝试和评价生物医学大型仪器理论与实验课程的探索式教学(IT)模式,为该教学模式的常规实施提供依据。方法 在课程中开展IT小实验,总结其设计、实施、效果等;采用教育测量学理论和统计学方法对问卷进行评价,采用信度、相关性和区分度对问卷进行质量分析。结果 IT小实验分别在2017级和2018级研究生选学本课程的部分学生中开展,取得了初步成果。参加人数达23人;问卷信度良好(α=0.852);27题项中有23题,与中间值比较,均有显著性差异(p<0.05)。结论 问卷具有较好的区分度、信度、相关性和总体覆盖性,可用于评价教学中IT模式的需求。IT实验的合理设计、难度适中和时间安排是影响其实施效果的主要因素。

关键词: 创新思维, 探索式教学, 问卷, 教学效果

Abstract: Objectve To test and evaluate the inquiry teaching (IT) mode for graduated students in course named with Theory and Application of Large-scale Biomedical Equipment and provide the basis of its routinely application in the future. Methods Design the experiments basing on the IT mode. Summarize the strategy, performance and results. Evaluate the effects with the education monitoring theory and the statistic approaches. Analyze the questionnaire data quantitatively according to reliability, correlation coefficient and discrimination. Results Experiments derived from inquiry teaching (IT) mode were employed in grade 2017 and 2018 graduated students who choose this course. The primary results are satisfied. There are 23 students involving these tests. The reliability of questionnaire is good with α value 0.852. Twenty-three questions in 27 ones show the significant differences. Conclusions The results of questionnaire show satisfied reliability, correlation coefficient, discrimination and coverage. This indicates this mode could be employed in evaluation of teaching. The design, difficulty and schedule are the major factors of IT experiments.

Key words: innovative thinking, inquiry teaching, questionnaire, teaching effects

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