基础医学与临床 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 438-441.

• 短篇综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

脂肪水肿的研究进展

王立铨,龙笑   

  1. 北京协和医院
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-18 修回日期:2020-07-25 出版日期:2021-03-05 发布日期:2021-03-01
  • 通讯作者: 龙笑 E-mail:pumclongxiao@126.com

Research progress of lipoedema

Liquan Wang1,Xiao Long   

  • Received:2019-11-18 Revised:2020-07-25 Online:2021-03-05 Published:2021-03-01
  • Contact: Xiao Long E-mail:pumclongxiao@126.com

摘要: 脂肪水肿是一种罕见的疾病。该病患者多为女性,以皮下脂肪的异常沉积而导致双下肢肿大为特点。该病具有遗传倾向,也可受激素水平影响。特征性的临床表现:如疼痛、易瘀伤、“袖口征”等。需要与脂肪水肿鉴别诊断的主要疾病有淋巴水肿、肥胖、痛性肥胖症和慢性静脉疾病等。脂肪水肿的治疗包括心理健康教育、减重、保守治疗和手术治疗。目前推进使用超膨胀局部麻醉和振动套管下的吸脂术作为首选的手术方案。

关键词: 关键词:脂肪水肿, 脂肪沉积, 鉴别诊断, 抽脂手术

Abstract: Lipoedema is an uncommon disorder. It is characterized by bilateral enlargement of the legs due to abnormal depositions of subcutaneous fat and essentially affects females. it is proved that the disease has a genetic tendency and can be also affected by hormone levels. Lipoedema has characteristic clinical manifestations, like pain, easy bruising and “cuff sign”. In clinical, main diseases considered for differential diagnosis are lymphedema, obesity, Dercum’s disease and chronic venous disease. Management of lipoedema includes psychological health education, weight loss, conservative treatment and operative treatment. There are increasing reports supporting liposuction using super tumescent local anesthesia and vibrating cannulas as the preferred surgical option.

Key words: Key words: lipoedema, fatty deposition, differential diagnosis, liposuction

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