Abstract��OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban in the treatment of deep venous thrombosis(DVT). METHODS PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Clinical Trials, CNKI, CBM and WANFANG database were systematically searched. All databases had been searched from up to August 2016. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of rivaroxaban therapy in patients with deep venous thrombosis were selected. Meta-analysis was carried out by using RevMan 5.3 software. The incidence of recurrent DVT, recurrent VTE, DVT, pulmonary embolism(PE), major bleeding, clinical relevant non-major bleeding(CRNMB) and all-cause mortality after the treatment were compared and the results were presented with risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS Total 5 RCTs of 4 737 cases were included in this study, including 1 605 cases accepted rivaroxaban (treatment group), other of 3 132 cases accepted other drugs (control group). The results of Meta-analysis were as follows the incidence of recurrent DVT in the rivaroxaban group was lower than that in the unfractionated heparin/low molecular heparin+ vitamin K antagonists (UFH/LMWH+VKA) group (P=0.002). There was no significant difference in the incidence of pulmonary embolism, venous thromboembolism, major bleeding, CRNMB and all-cause mortality between the treatment and control group (P��0.05). CONCLUSION In the treatment of DVT, rivaroxban shows better efficacy than that of traditional anticoagulant therapy (UFH/LMWH+VKA) and it will not increase the risk of adverse events such as bleeding and death.
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YANG Xia, DONG Shu-jie, ZHAI Suo-di. Meta-analysis of Efficacy and Safety of Rivaroxaban for Treatment of Deep Venous Thrombosis. Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal, 2017, 52(21): 1948-1952.
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