Basic & Clinical Medicine ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (9): 1424-1427.doi: 10.16352/j.issn.1001-6325.2022.09.1424

• Case Report • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Tuberous sclerosis complex as a rare cause of multiple nodular and cystic lung disease:a case report

WANG Ping, XU Zuo-jun, XU Kai-feng*   

  1. Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Complex Severe and Rare Diseases, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, CAMS & PUMC, Beijing 100730, China
  • Received:2021-12-01 Revised:2022-05-06 Online:2022-09-05 Published:2022-09-02

Abstract: Objective To broaden the differential diagnosis thinking of diffuse cystic lung diseases and multiple nodular lung disease, and to deepen the understanding of clinical phenotypes of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Methods A case of TSC with complaint of diffuse lung diseases detected during a routine check-up was presented and relevant literatures were reviewed. Results Further examination confirmed multisystem involvement in the patient including heart, kidney, liver and bone, mimicking metabolic malignant tumor. However, percutaneous renal mass biopsy showed angiomyolipoma, which suggested TSC combined with “Confetti” skin lesions found on physical examination. Peripheral blood whole exome sequencing confirmed the diagnosis of TSC. The pulmonary lesions were improved after treatment with sirolimus. Conclusions High clinical awareness of TSC is essential in the patients with diffuse cystic lung diseases and multiple nodular lung diseases, especially in women. In-depth knowledge of multisystem manifestation in TSC is critical for early diagnosis and treatment of this rare disease.

Key words: diffuse cystic lung diseases, pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis(PLAM), multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia(MMPH), tuberous sclerosis complex(TSC), mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) inhibitors

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